• Introduction: Infectious diseases are illnesses caused by germs (such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi) that enter the body, multiply, and can cause an infection. Some infectious diseases are contagious (or communicable), meaning they are capable of spreading from one person to another. Many germs are very small and can only be seen using a microscope.

Infectious Diseases

Infectious diseases are illnesses caused by germs (such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi) that enter the body, multiply, and can cause an infection. Some infectious diseases are contagious (or communicable), meaning they are capable of spreading from one person to another. Many germs are very small and can only be seen using a microscope.
Infectious Diseases
COVID-19 Updates

COVID-19 is a respiratory disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a coronavirus discovered in 2019. The virus spreads mainly from person to person through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks. Some people who are infected may not have symptoms. For people who have symptoms, illness can range from mild to severe. Adults 65 years and older and people of any age with underlying medical conditions are at higher risk for severe illness. The CDC advises that everyone aged 6 months and older stay Up-to-Date with all recommended COVID-19 vaccine doses to decrease the risk of getting and spreading COVID-19 illness and severe disease.

Legionnaires’ Disease

Legionnaires’ (LEE-juh-nares) disease is a very serious type of pneumonia (lung infection) caused by bacteria called Legionella. If you develop pneumonia symptoms and may have been exposed to Legionella, see a doctor right away. Be sure to mention if you have used a hot tub, spent any nights away from home, or stayed in a hospital in the last two weeks.

Measles (Rubella)

Measles is very contagious and can cause serious illness. Measles is caused by a virus and spreads very easily when an infected person breathes, coughs or sneezes. Measles spreads so easily that anyone who is exposed and not immune (either by being immunized or having had measles in the past) will probably get it.

Mpox

Mpox (formerly called Monkeypox) is a rare disease caused by infection with the Mpox virus. Mpox virus is part of the same family of viruses as variola virus, the virus that causes smallpox. Mpox symptoms are similar to smallpox symptoms, but milder, and mpox is rarely fatal. Mpox is not related to chickenpox.

Mumps

Mumps is a contagious disease caused by a virus that spreads easily through coughing and sneezing. Mumps can begin with general symptoms of fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, and loss of appetite, then may progress to include swelling of the salivary glands (often referred to as parotitis when the parotid gland, located in front and below the ear, swells). There is no cure for mumps and it can cause serious health problems. The measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine is the best way to help protect against mumps. CDC recommends children get two doses of MMR vaccine, starting with the first dose at 12 through 15 months of age, and the second dose at 4 through 6 years of age. Contact your healthcare provider for vaccination availability or schedule and appointment at the Public Health Immunization Clinic by calling (937) 225-4550.

Whooping cough (Pertussis)

Whooping cough (Pertussis) is a common disease in the United States. It is a contagious respiratory illness and spreads easily from person to person. Whooping cough (Pertussis) can cause serious illness in people of all ages but is most dangerous for babies. Getting vaccinated is the best way to protect against pertussis.