Public Health - Dayton & Montgomery County is reminding everyone to be aware of the health risks from the early-spring heat.

While Public Health encourages individuals to be physically active and do things outside, everyone needs to take precautions to prevent heat-related illnesses.

Unusually hot temperatures can affect your health. Most vulnerable are the elderly, those who work or exercise outdoors, infants and children, the homeless and people with a chronic medical condition.

Public Health recommends that everyone pay particular attention to the following suggestions:

Stay cool

  • Stay in air-conditioned buildings.
  • Do not rely on a fan as your primary cooling device. Use air conditioning if available.
  • Limit outdoor activity, especially midday when it is the hottest part of the day, and avoid direct sunlight.
  • Wear loose, lightweight, light-colored clothing.
  • Take cool showers or baths to lower your body temperature.
  • Adjust blinds, shades, and awnings to keep out the sun.
  • Check on at-risk friends, family and neighbors at least twice a day.
  • Children and pets should not be left unattended in closed vehicles. Temperatures can reach dangerous levels rapidly.

Stay hydrated

  • Drink more water than usual and don’t wait until you’re thirsty to drink.
  • Drink two to four cups of water every hour while working or exercising outside.
  • Avoid alcohol or liquids containing high amounts of sugar.
  • Make sure your family, friends and neighbors are drinking enough water.

Stay informed

  • Check your local news for extreme heat warnings and safety tips.
  • Visit www.phdmc.org to find local information and tips for preventing heat sickness.
  • Keep your friends, family and neighbors aware of weather and heat safety information.

Additionally, Public Health encourages all residents to learn the signs and first aid response for heat-related illness. Warning signs and symptoms vary but may include:

Heat Exhaustion

Symptoms

  • Heavy sweating
  • Weakness
  • Skin cold, pale, and clammy
  • Weak pulse
  • Fainting and vomiting

What You Should Do

  • Move to a cooler location.
  • Lie down and loosen your clothing.
  • Apply cool, wet cloths to as much of your body as possible.
  • Sip water.
  • If you have vomited and it continues, seek medical attention immediately.

Heat Stroke

Symptoms

  • High body temperature (above 103°F)
  • Hot, red, dry or moist skin
  • Rapid and strong pulse
  • Possible unconsciousness

What You Should Do

  • Call 911 immediately — this is a medical emergency.
  • Move the person to a cooler environment.
  • Reduce the person's body temperature with cool cloths or even a bath.
  • Do NOT give fluids.

For more information on extreme heat, visit www.cdc.gov/extremeheat

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