• Locations & Hours:
    Reibold Building
    117 S Main Street Dayton, Ohio 45422
    Office Hours
    • Monday8:00am - 4:30pm
    • Tuesday8:00am - 4:30pm
    • Wednesday8:00am - 4:30pm
    • Thursday8:00am - 4:30pm
    • Friday8:00am - 4:30pm
  • Contact - Phone Number : 937-225-4508
  • Introduction:

    One of the primary functions of a local health department is to help stop the spread of disease in a community. The Communicable Disease Reports are created by Public Health’s epidemiology program and are designed to provide current and historical information about disease in our community. These reports are used by Public Health programs, healthcare providers, local governments, and community partners to help inform their decision-making process when it comes to improving health outcomes.

  • Contact - Email: /contact

Communicable Disease Reporting

One of the primary functions of a local health department is to help stop the spread of disease in a community. The Communicable Disease Reports are created by Public Health’s epidemiology program and are designed to provide current and historical information about disease in our community. These reports are used by Public Health programs, healthcare providers, local governments, and community partners to help inform their decision-making process when it comes to improving health outcomes.

Person Looking at computer
Reibold Building
117 S Main Street Dayton, Ohio 45422
Office Hours
  • Monday8:00am - 4:30pm
  • Tuesday8:00am - 4:30pm
  • Wednesday8:00am - 4:30pm
  • Thursday8:00am - 4:30pm
  • Friday8:00am - 4:30pm

If you are a member of the public and are concerned you have a communicable disease, contact your doctor or a local hospital.

What is a communicable disease?

  • Any disease that spreads from one person to another.

What are some ways that communicable diseases spread?

  • Directly through physical contact with an infected person, such as through touch (staphylococcus), sexual intercourse (gonorrhea, HIV), fecal/oral transmission (hepatitis A), or large respiratory droplets from coughs and sneezes (influenza, TB)
  • Contact with a contaminated surface or object (Norwalk virus), food (salmonella, E. coli), blood (HIV, hepatitis B), or water (cholera)
  • Bites from insects or animals capable of transmitting the disease (mosquito- malaria and yellow fever; flea- plague)
  • Breathing small respiratory droplets that travel through the air, such as tuberculosis or measles.

What do communicable disease reporting nurses do?

  • Gather reports of diseases in Montgomery County
  • Conduct interviews to determine common risk factors
  • Educate exposed individuals and families
  • Provide recommendations for treatment and isolation
  • Determine the level of disease in the community
  • Control and prevent the spread of communicable diseases

Who needs to report diseases to the local health department?

  • Disease prevention and control is a cooperative effort involving health care providers and local and state health department personnel.
  • The State of Ohio requires all labs, physicians, hospitals, and other health professionals to report suspected and confirmed cases of certain infectious diseases to the local health department.
  • These reports protect the public’s health by quickly identifying outbreaks.

Which diseases must be reported to the local health department?

How quickly must diseases by reported to the local health department?

Class Report what? Report how quickly?
Class A A case, a suspected case, or a positive lab result Immediately
Class B A case, a suspected case, or a positive lab result By the end of the next business day
Class C An outbreak, incident or epidemic of a non-Class A or Class B disease By the end of the next business day

All reportable diseases should be reported by healthcare professionals to the Communicable Disease Reporting Nurse by telephone, mail, or fax.